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Web Hosting Terminology. What you need to know by Giganetwebhosting.com

  • Street: Parkring 87
  • City: Steyr
  • State: Michigan
  • Country: Austria
  • Zip/Postal Code: 4407
  • Listed: June 6, 2016 10:54 pm
  • Expires: 305 days, 10 hours


Web Hosting Terminology

Administrative Contact: The person authorized to communicate with the domain registrar/hosting service on issues relating to the domain name/web site.

Apache: A popular “brand” of Open Source Web server originally created from a set of patches written for another server operating system.

Auto Responder: Software that acknowledges receipt of an e-mail message by sending a predefined email to the sender. A sequential auto responder is one that acknowledges an email and then continues to send messages at intervals defined by the owner of the auto responder address.

Bandwidth: Usually a measurement to indicate the total amount of data processed by your site. This can include page views, downloads, email and uploads. Bandwidth is usually measured in megabytes or gigabytes.

Billing Contact: The person designated to receive invoices in relation to domain name, hosting services and responsible for ensuring payment of those invoices.

CGI BIN: A folder where common gateway interface (CGI) scripts are stored. As some scripts can create security risks, the CGI BIN is kept outside of the main documents (web page) folders. The CGI-BIN gives the webmaster greater control over access to the applications.

Data Transfer: Same as bandwidth.

Dedicated IP Address: In traditional shared hosting, each domain shares the IP address of the server that domain is stored on. A dedicated IP address is a unique set of identifying numbers for a web site.

Disk/Server/HD Space: The amount of space provided by a web host for the storage of web pages, files and email accounts. Usually measured in Megabytes or Gigabytes.

Domain Alias: A domain that points to the same website as another. For instance, you could have domain.com with domain.net as an alias to domain.com – that way, people accessing domain.net would see the same contact as those viewing domain.com.

Domain Name: A name that identifies a web site. Domain Names always have 2 or more components, separated by dots. While site names may share a common component, no two sites on the Internet may have the same primary nameandtail extension.

Domain Name System (DNS): A database that is used to translate domain names into Internet Protocol (IP) numbers.

E-Mail Alias: An email forwarding account that allows your to direct email to an alias to another email account while also allowing you to send email under the alias name.

FP (Frontpage) Extensions: FrontPage offers many advanced features, but these features will not function correctly unless the server where your site is stored has the necessary software, or extensions, installed.

FTP: File Transfer Protocol. A protocol for exchanging files with a host computer.

FreeBSD: An Open Source variant of the BSD operating system. BSD is a variation the UNIX operating system.

HTML: abbreviation for”HyperText Mark-up Language”. The text-based language (which is basically a structure of tags looking like ” Text “) used to construct web pages and interpreted by web browsers

HTTP (HyperText Transport Protocol): The most common protocol used on the web for transferring hypertext files.

Internet Protocol (IP) Numbers (IP addresses): A unique set of numbers used to specify systems, whether they be a home computer, a wap enable cell phone or an Internet server.

Mail spooler: a special file on server where all your incoming mail is stored in plain text format

MySQL: MySQL is the world’s most popular database server technology. It is robust and flexible and owes it’s popularity to the Open Source movement; developers who create base applications and make them, and the source code, available to all at no cost.

Name Server: A computer designed to resolve domain names to Internet Protocol (IP) numbers.

Node: Any computer connected to a network

Open Source: Any application code that has been made available to developers to view and modify freely. Examples of Open Source applications are MySQL and PHP

Path: The route through a file system to a particular file.

PERL (Practical Extraction and Report Language): A programming language used to creative interactive applications

PHP: A server-side scripting language made popular by the Open Source community.

Primary Server: The dominant name server. This server is queried first before others.

POP: Post Office Protocol, a protocol for fetching mail from a mailserver

Raw Log Files: A simple text file that contains all the requests made to a site and the origin of that request; every web page, image, script etc. request is recorded, along with the IP address of the person/system that requested it. Each requested element is entered on a single line. Log files are invaluable tools for determining traffic and also for tracking problems and security breaches.

Redundant connections: Indicates that a hosting service has more than one main connection to the Internet, ensuring continued service should any single

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